This in turn leads to heart attacks, angina, abnormal heart rhythms and heart failure when the vessels affected are the coronary arteries supplying the heart. Arteries supplying blood to the brain, the legs, the kidneys and the gut can also be affected.
The extent to which cholesterol accumulates in arteries depends in part on the level of cholesterol in the blood. When high, this is called hypercholesterolaemia. Not only dietary cholesterol, but also dietary saturated fat, elevate the blood cholesterol level.
The safe range of cholesterol intake is:
200-400 milligrams per day.
Note: Cholesterol is not found in plant foods – cereals, fruit, nuts, and vegetables. The amount of cholesterol in food depends on the amount of animal produce used.